MRI uses a powerful magnet, radio waves, and a computer to produce images. These images help to evaluate how well areas of the body are functioning and to detect and treat different medical conditions.

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A CT scan quickly takes multiple images of internal organs, soft tissue, and other body parts. These images are then used to diagnose cancer and other internal diseases.

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Women’s Health goes beyond screening mammograms. Exams like DEXA bone density tests, OB Ultrasounds, and Breast Biopsy play a vital role in preventative health care.

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Ultrasound
Ultrasound

Ultrasound

Ultrasound

Ultrasound exams do not use radiation like an x-ray. Instead, high-frequency sound waves are used to capture images of the inside of the body. These images are real-time, so they are able to show the structure and movement of internal organs, as well as blood flow through the body’s major arteries and veins. Ultrasound is used to identify changes in the appearance of organs, tissues, or blood vessels.

 

The ultrasound scanner is a console with a computer screen that displays the images and a transducer that looks like a microphone. The transducer emits high-frequency sound waves into the body part being scanned and then picks up the echo of those sound waves. Depending on the echoes of the sound waves, an image is produced immediately on the computer screen.

 

The images are then read by our radiologist and a report will be sent to your doctor in a timely manner.

 

For more information visit: WWW.RADIOLOGYINFO.ORG

 

FAQs

Ultrasound FAQs

Why is an Ultrasound needed?

Ultrasound examinations can help to diagnose a variety of conditions and to assess organ damage following illness. Ultrasound is used to help physicians evaluate symptoms such as:

  • pain
  • swelling
  • infection

 

Ultrasound is a useful way of examining many of the body's internal organs, including but not limited to the:

  • heart and blood vessels, including the abdominal aorta and its major branches
  • liver
  • gallbladder
  • spleen
  • pancreas
  • kidneys
  • bladder
  • uterus, ovaries, and unborn child (fetus) in pregnant patients
  • eyes
  • thyroid and parathyroid glands
  • scrotum (testicles)

 

Ultrasound is also used to:

  • Guide procedures such as needle biopsies, in which needles are used to extract sample cells from an abnormal area for laboratory testing.
  • Image the breasts and to guide biopsy of breast cancer (see the Ultrasound-Guided Breast Biopsy page).
  • Diagnose a variety of heart conditions and to assess damage after a heart attack or diagnose for valvular heart disease.

 

Doppler ultrasound images can help the physician to see and evaluate:

  • Blockages to blood flow (such as clots).
  • Narrowing of vessels (which may be caused by plaque).
  • Tumors and congenital malformation.

 

With knowledge about the speed and volume of blood flow gained from a Doppler ultrasound image, the physician can often determine whether a patient is a good candidate for a procedure like angioplasty.

 

Is Ultrasound radiation?

No. Ultrasound uses sound waves.

 

What can I expect during an Ultrasound?

For most ultrasound exams, the patient is positioned lying face-up on an examination table that can be tilted or moved. A clear water-based gel is applied to the area of the body being studied to help the transducer make secure contact with the body and eliminate air pockets between the transducer and the skin. The ultrasound technologist then firmly presses the transducer against the skin, sweeping over the area of interest or angling the sound beam from a farther location to better see the area of concern. Most ultrasound examinations are painless, fast and easy.

 

Why does the bladder need to be full for a pelvic exam?

A full bladder pushes the uterus in a position where we can see it better, and brightens up the entire pelvis so that we can adequately visualize the uterus and ovaries. It also moves the intestines and bowel out of the way.

 

Why do I need to have a transabdominal and trans-vaginal Ultrasound exam done?

A transabdominal exam allows us to image the entire liver, spleen, kidneys, gall bladder, pancreas, aorta, IVC, and the trans-vaginal exam will image the uterus and ovaries in more detail.

 

Can I have a trans-vaginal exam while I am still on my period?

Yes, but if you are uncomfortable in any way we would be happy to reschedule your appointment.

 

Why do I have to fast for my abdominal Ultrasound?

This decreases the amount of gas in the abdomen and allows the gallbladder to be adequately visualized. The gallbladder contracts down when you eat or drink.

 

Why is it better to schedule my abdominal or RUQ Ultrasound in the morning?

Your abdomen has the least amount of gas in the morning.

 

What is a Renal Duplex exam and why does it need to be scheduled in the morning?

A renal duplex exam images the arteries going to the kidneys as well as, the very small arteries within the kidneys. On a normal patient, the arteries can be very difficult to see, so it is very important for this exam to be done in the morning to obtain the best possible exam. You do have to drink water prior to the exam because the bladder is also imaged.

 

Is having an Ultrasound better than other exams?

Not necessarily. Each modality images differently. Sometimes it is necessary to image with different modalities different ways for the best diagnosis. An Ultrasound is what your doctor’s office has ordered at this time.

Prep

Patient Preparation for Ultrasound

Abdominal Ultrasound

Have nothing to eat or drink, including water for 8 hours prior to exam.

 

Renal Only Ultrasound

No prep but patient must be well hydrated.

 

Bladder Only Ultrasound

Drink 32 oz water 1 hour prior to the exam and hold it.

 

Renal and Bladder Ultrasound

Drink 32 oz water 1 hour prior to the exam and hold it

 

Abdominal Aorta Ultrasound

Have nothing to eat or drink, including water for 8 hours prior to exam

 

OB Ultrasound

Drink 32oz water 1 hour prior to the exam and hold it. (Ask if pat is pregnant with twins.)

 

Pelvis Only Ultrasound

Drink 32 oz water 1 hour prior to the exam and hold it.

 

Pelvis & Trans-vaginal Ultrasound

Drink 32 oz water 1 hour prior to the exam and hold it.

 

Renal Artery/Renal Doppler

Have nothing to eat or drink, including water for 8 hours prior to exam.

 

No prep is required for the following exams:

  • Breast Ultrasound
  • Arterial Ultrasound
  • Venous Ultrasound
  • Carotid Ultrasound
  • Soft Tissue Ultrasound
  • Thyroid Ultrasound
  • Transvaginal Only Ultrasound

 
Ultrasound